DR. ANUSHKA VIDHI MAHAVIDYALAYA - LAW COLLEGE UDAIPUR, RAJASTHAN, INDIA
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ENGLISH VOBABULARY

 

 

1.Prelude

Meaning: an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.

Synonym: preliminary, overture, opening, preparation

Antonym:conclusion, postscript

Sentence: "a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations"


 

2.Premonition

Meaning: a strong feeling that something is about to happen, especially something 

unpleasant.

Synonym: foreboding, presage, presentiment, prognostication

Sentence: "he had a premonition of imminent disaster"

 

3.Preponderance

Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.

Synonym: prevalence, predominance, dominance 

Sentence: "the preponderance of women among older people"

 

4. Soporific

Meaning: tending to induce drowsiness or sleep., a drug or other substance that 

induces drowsiness or sleep.

Synonym: sleeping pill, sleeping potion, sedative, calmative, narcotic, opiate;

Antonym: invigorating,  stimulant

Sentence: "the motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect"

 

5. Orthodox

Meaning: following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules 

or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.

Synonym: conservative, traditional, observant, conformist

Antonym: unconventional, unorthodox, nonconformist

Sentence: "Burke's views were orthodox in his time"

 

6.Puerile

Meaning: childishly silly and immature

Synonym: jejune, infantile 

Antonym: mature, adult

Sentence: "a puerile argument"

 

7.Perennial

Meaning: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring

Synonym: everlasting, perpetual, eternal,

Antonym: ceasing, ending, halting, infrequent, intermittent, interrupted, occasional, temporary

Sentence:"his perennial distrust of the media"

 

8.Perdition

Meaning: (in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into 

which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death

Synonym: damnation, eternal punishment;

Sentence:"she used her last banknote to buy herself a square meal before 

perdition"

 

9. Penury

Meaning: the state of being very poor; extreme poverty.

Synonym: pennilessness, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence,

Antonym: wealth, affluence

Sentence: "he couldn't face another year of penury"

 

10.Laggard

Meaning: a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others.

Synonym: straggler, loiterer, lingerer,

Sentence: "staff were under enormous pressure and there was no time for 

laggards"

 

11.Pliability

Meaning: Adaptability of mind or character

Synonym: flexible, ductile, elastic

Antonym: not flexible, hard

Sentence:"he was valued for his reliability and pliability"

 

12.vicissitude

Meaning: a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.

Synonym: mutation, modification, transition

Sentence: "her husband's sharp vicissitudes of fortune"

 

13. Alacrity

Meaning: brisk and cheerful readiness

Synonym: eagerness, willingness, readiness

Sentence: "she accepted the invitation with alacrity"

 

14. Agnostic

Meaning: a person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God

Synonym: sceptic, doubter,

Sentence: After my husband became agnostic, he stopped going to church because of his doubt about god's existence 

 

15. Alms

Meaning: Money or goods contributed to the poor

Synonym: dole, donation, assistance

Antonym: hindrance, injury

Sentence:She stopped, gave him an alms and then continued on her way.

 

16. Labyrinth

Meaning: a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one's way; a maze

Synonym: maze, rabbit warren, warren

Sentence: a complex labyrinth of tunnels and chambers

 

17.Motley

Meaning: incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate

Synonym: miscellaneous, disparate, diverse

Antonym: homogeneous, uniform

Sentence:"a motley crew of discontents and zealots"

 

18.Pusillanimous

Meaning: showing a lack of courage or determination; timid.

Synonym: cowardly, recreant, spineless, unheroic

Antonym: audacious, bold, brazen,

Sentence: pusillanimous politicians who vote according to whichever way the political wind is blowing

 

19. Enormity

Meaning: Horribleness

Synonym: depravity, evil

Antonym: delight, esteem

Sentence:He turned over and closed his eyes, as if to reflect on its enormity.

 

20.Punctilious

Meaning: showing great attention to detail or correct behaviour.

Synonym: meticulous, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive,

Antonym: careless, easy-going, slapdash

Sentence: "he was punctilious in providing every amenity for his guests"

 


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